In addition to fatalities on the road, car accidents cause permanent injuries to 2 million drivers every year. Although taking steps to reduce dangerous or distracted driving can minimize the risk of accidents and injury, there will always be some incidents that cannot be avoided. Even the most careful drivers can be affected by poor surface conditions, bad weather, or other dangerous road users. In these cases, a car fitted with advanced safety systems can at least minimize the damage caused by a collision, and reduce the severity of injuries inflicted on the driver.
Crash Imminent Braking Minimizes The Risk Of Serious Injury
Even minor collisions at low speed can lead to serious back injuries and life-long damage to the spine. Sometimes an accident is unavoidable, and in these circumstances, a specialist spinal injury attorney can help to ensure victims receive the specific support they need. To reduce the risk of collision and the potentially devastating injuries it can cause, vehicles can be fitted with a type of Automatic Emergency Braking (AEB) technology. This uses sensors fitted to the car that alert a driver to a potential collision, and warn them to brake. However, if a driver still fails to take action, a more advanced system, such as crash imminent braking, will autonomously apply the brakes in order to slow or stop the car completely to reduce the severity of an impact.
Improved Airbag Design Cushions Against Impact
Airbags were first fitted to cars in the mid 70s, and in the thirty years from 1987 to 2017, airbags have saved over 50,000 lives. Cushioning helps to prevent head and chest injuries from impact with the steering wheel and dashboard, and airbags are also useful in reducing severe whiplash and injuries to the spine. Recent improvements to the design include the ability to detect smaller drivers from the position of the seat on the track, and as a result, only deploying the lower stage front airbag. Airbags can now also be fitted to car doors to protect against side collisions. However, without the extra impact absorption of the hood and engine, they must inflate within five or six milliseconds to be of any use.
However safely cars are driven, there will always be unforeseen circumstances that cause unavoidable accidents. To mitigate the potential damage caused by a collision, car safety technology is continually being updated and modified.